Architecture refers to the design and organization of a system or structure. It can refer to the design of a building or other physical structure, or to the design of a computer system or network. In the context of buildings, architecture often includes elements such as the layout of the building, the materials used in construction, and the style of the building. In the context of computer systems, architecture can refer to the overall design of the system, including the hardware and software components and the relationships between them.

In the context of buildings and other physical structures, architecture typically includes:

  • The layout of the structure, including the size, shape, and placement of rooms and other spaces.
  • The materials used in construction, such as concrete, wood, glass, or steel.
  • The style of the building, which can be influenced by factors such as the time period in which it was built, the region in which it is located, and the culture of the people who built it.

In the context of computer systems, architecture typically includes:

  • The hardware components of the system, such as processors, memory, and input/output devices.
  • The software components of the system, including the operating system, applications, and utilities.
  • The relationships between these components, and how they work together to perform tasks.

Architecture is important because it determines how a system functions and how well it meets the needs of the people who use it. For example, the architecture of a building can affect how easy it is to navigate and how energy-efficient it is. The architecture of a computer system can affect how quickly it processes data and how well it can scale to meet the needs of a growing user base.

There are many different types of architecture that can be distinguished based on the scale or scope of the system being designed. Some examples include:

  • Building architecture: The design of buildings and other physical structures.
  • Landscape architecture: The design of outdoor spaces, including gardens, parks, and public plazas.
  • Urban design: The design of cities and neighborhoods, including the layout of streets, buildings, and public spaces.
  • Software architecture: The design of software systems, including the organization of code and the relationships between different software components.
  • Network architecture: The design of computer networks, including the hardware and software components and the ways in which they are connected.

In each of these cases, architecture involves making decisions about the structure and organization of the system being designed. This can include choices about the materials and technologies to be used, the layout and organization of components, and the ways in which the system will be used.

Good architecture is often characterized by a number of qualities, including functionality, efficiency, scalability, maintainability, and adaptability. It is important for architects to consider these qualities when designing a system in order to ensure that it meets the needs of its users and can evolve over time to meet changing requirements.

Architecture is a broad field that encompasses many different subdisciplines and specialties. Some examples of these specialties include:

  • Residential architecture: The design of homes and other buildings for use as private dwellings.
  • Commercial architecture: The design of buildings for use as businesses or other commercial ventures.
  • Industrial architecture: The design of buildings for use in manufacturing or other industrial processes.
  • Interior architecture: The design of the interior spaces of buildings, including the layout, materials, and finishes of walls, floors, and ceilings.
  • Environmental architecture: The design of buildings and other structures with a focus on sustainability and the use of natural resources.

There are many other specialties within the field of architecture, and many architects choose to focus on a particular type of design or a specific market segment.

Architecture is a profession that requires a combination of technical expertise, creative problem-solving skills, and an understanding of human behavior and the needs of the people who will use the structures being designed. Architects work with a variety of tools and technologies to create designs, including computer-aided design (CAD) software, 3D modeling software, and physical models. They also work closely with clients, contractors, and other professionals to ensure that their designs are functional, feasible, and meet the needs of the people who will use them.

Architecture is a field that has a long and rich history, with examples of significant architectural achievements dating back thousands of years. Some of the most well-known examples of ancient architecture include:

  • The Pyramids of Giza in Egypt
  • The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
  • The Temple of Artemis in Ephesus
  • The Parthenon in Athens
  • The Great Wall of China

Throughout history, architecture has been shaped by a variety of factors, including cultural, economic, and technological influences. As a result, different periods and regions of the world have developed their own distinct architectural styles and traditions.

In more recent times, the field of architecture has continued to evolve and change. Modern architecture, for example, is characterized by a focus on functional design and the use of new materials and technologies. Some of the most well-known examples of modern architecture include:

  • The Empire State Building in New York City
  • The Burj Khalifa in Dubai
  • The Sydney Opera House in Sydney, Australia
  • The Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain
  • The Walt Disney Concert hall in Los Angeles, California

As technology continues to advance and cultural and economic conditions change, the field of architecture is likely to continue to evolve and change in the future.


There are many different ways in which architects can approach the design process, and different architects may have their own unique methods and techniques. However, there are some common steps that are often followed in the process of designing a building or other structure. These steps may include:

  1. Defining the project: The first step in the design process is to define the scope of the project and determine the goals and objectives. This may involve working with clients to understand their needs and preferences, as well as conducting site analysis to understand the constraints and opportunities of the location where the structure will be built.

  2. Generating ideas: Once the project has been defined, the next step is to generate ideas for the design. This may involve sketching, prototyping, or using computer-aided design (CAD) software to create initial concepts.

  3. Developing the design: Once a rough concept has been developed, the next step is to refine and develop the design in more detail. This may involve creating detailed drawings, specifying materials and finishes, and making decisions about the layout and organization of spaces.

  4. Review and feedback: As the design is being developed, it is important to seek feedback from clients, contractors, and other stakeholders. This can help to ensure that the design is meeting the needs of the people who will use the structure and that it is feasible to build.

  5. Construction: Once the design is complete and has been approved, the next step is to begin construction. This may involve working with contractors, builders, and other professionals to turn the design into a physical structure.

  6. Post-construction: After the structure has been built, the final step in the process is to review the results and make any necessary adjustments. This may involve conducting tests or evaluations to ensure that the structure is functioning as intended and making any necessary repairs or modifications.

There are many different career paths that an individual with a degree in architecture can pursue. Some architects choose to work in private practice, either as sole practitioners or as part of a larger firm. Others may choose to work for government agencies, non-profit organizations, or other types of organizations.

Some specific roles that an architect may hold include:

  • Project architect: A project architect is responsible for leading the design process for a specific project. This may involve working with clients to understand their needs, developing design concepts, and overseeing the production of construction documents.

  • Design architect: A design architect is responsible for creating innovative and aesthetically pleasing designs. This may involve creating sketches and prototypes, using computer-aided design (CAD) software to create detailed drawings, and working with clients to refine and finalize the design.

  • Technical architect: A technical architect is responsible for ensuring that the design of a project is feasible and meets all relevant building codes and regulations. This may involve conducting site analysis, creating construction documents, and working with contractors and builders to ensure that the project is built according to the design.

  • Research architect: A research architect is responsible for conducting research related to architecture and design. This may involve studying the impact of different design decisions on energy efficiency, sustainability, or user experience, and using this research to inform design decisions.

  • Managerial architect: A managerial architect is responsible for managing the business aspects of an architectural practice. This may involve overseeing the financial performance of the firm, managing personnel, and developing business strategy.

There are many other roles that an architect may hold, and an individual’s specific job duties may vary depending on their employer and the projects they are working on.

There are a number of factors that can influence the demand for architects and the job market for this profession. Some of these factors include:

  • Economic conditions: During times of economic growth, there is often an increase in construction and development, which can lead to increased demand for architects. Conversely, during times of economic downturn, the demand for architects may decrease.

  • Changes in building codes and regulations: As building codes and regulations change, there may be a need for architects to design structures that meet the new requirements. This can create demand for architects with expertise in specific areas or with experience working on projects that meet the new regulations.

  • Technological advances: As new materials and construction technologies become available, there may be a need for architects with expertise in using these technologies. This can create demand for architects who are skilled in using computer-aided design (CAD) software, 3D modeling software, or other specialized tools.

  • Demographic trends: Changes in population size and demographics can affect the demand for architects. For example, an aging population may lead to increased demand for architects who specialize in designing buildings that are accessible to people with disabilities.

  • Environmental concerns: As concerns about the environment and sustainability become more prominent, there may be increased demand for architects who specialize in designing environmentally-friendly buildings.

Overall, the job market for architects can be somewhat cyclical and may be influenced by a variety of factors. It is important for individuals interested in pursuing a career in architecture to be aware of these trends and to be prepared to adapt to changing conditions in the job market.

There are a number of skills that are important for architects to possess in order to be successful in their careers. Some of these skills include:

  • Creativity: Architects must be able to come up with innovative design solutions that meet the needs of their clients and fit the constraints of the site.

  • Technical expertise: Architects must have a thorough understanding of the materials, technologies, and building techniques that are used in construction. They must also be proficient in using computer-aided design (CAD) software and other tools to create detailed drawings and models.

  • Problem-solving skills: Architects must be able to identify and solve problems that arise during the design process. This may involve finding creative ways to meet the needs of clients or to overcome technical or logistical challenges.

  • Communication skills: Architects must be able to effectively communicate their ideas to clients, contractors, and other stakeholders. This may involve presenting designs, explaining technical concepts, and negotiating with others to achieve a desired outcome.

  • Time management skills: Architects must be able to manage their time effectively in order to meet deadlines and complete projects on schedule. This may involve organizing work, setting priorities, and managing the work of others.

  • Business skills: Architects who work in private practice must be able to manage the financial and business aspects of their practice. This may involve developing budgets, managing personnel, and marketing the firm to potential clients.

Overall, being successful as an architect requires a combination of technical expertise, creative problem-solving skills, and strong communication and business skills.

To become an architect, individuals typically need to earn a professional degree in architecture and gain practical experience through internships or other types of training. Here is a general overview of the steps that are typically involved in becoming an architect:

  1. Earn a bachelor’s degree: Most professional architecture programs require applicants to have a bachelor’s degree in architecture or a related field. These programs typically include coursework in subjects such as design, construction materials and methods, history of architecture, and computer-aided design (CAD).

  2. Complete a professional degree program: After earning a bachelor’s degree, individuals can apply to a professional architecture program to earn a Master of Architecture (M.Arch.) degree. These programs typically take two to three years to complete and include coursework in advanced design and technical subjects, as well as opportunities for hands-on learning through internships or other types of training.

  3. Pass the Architect Registration Exam (ARE): In order to become a licensed architect, individuals must pass the Architect Registration Exam (ARE). This exam is administered by the National Council of Architectural Registration Boards (NCARB) and tests candidates on their knowledge of professional practice, building design and construction, and other related subjects.

  4. Gain practical experience: Most states require architects to have a certain amount of practical experience before they can be licensed. This experience can be gained through internships or other types of training programs, and typically involves working under the supervision of a licensed architect.

  5. Obtain a license: After meeting the education and experience requirements, individuals can apply for a license to practice architecture in their state. This typically involves submitting an application, providing transcripts and other documentation, and passing a criminal background check.

Overall, becoming an architect requires a significant commitment of time and effort. However, for individuals who are passionate about design and have the necessary skills and abilities, a career in architecture can be very rewarding.

SelgasCano Creates Bulbous-Formed Food Market With Transparent ETFE Membrane At Design District

Spanish architecture studio SelgasCanohas created a bulbous-formed food market with transparent ETFE membrane at Design District in London, United Kingdom.

Named Design District Canteen, the 660-square-metre building, located at the main pedestrian access to the Greenwich Peninsula, has been realized as part of a larger masterplan, including 16 different buildings commissioned by Design District. 

SelgasCano‘s design is basically conceived as a food market, consisting of a bar, stall, plant room, storage, market area, lift on the ground floor. The upper floor includes resting area, floating table, movable tables and lift. 

Designed as an irregular, bulbous-formed transparent structure, the whole structure is covered by a stressed clear ETFE membrane with a central spine in which the stalls and a seating area are placed on top level.